No other former Soviet region besides
Yugoslavia and its republics perhaps, has experienced as much
bloodshed, sectarian revolt, and conflict as the Caucasus.
To date the Russian Federation has fought in 5 major conflicts in Caucasus: The
First Chechen War 1994-1996, the Second Chechen War from 1999-2009 and the
ongoing insurgency in Chechnya, conflicts against Georgia and the breakaway
Abkhazia state, and the anti-insurgency campaign against Islamists which
continue to this day.
Russian military in the Caucasus. Similiar perhaps to those "advisors" sent by the Russian Federation to Syria recently as of March 2012.
The campaigns in the Caucasus especially against the Islamist factions of Doku Umarov (b.1964-Present), called by some in the
international media, the ‘Russian Osama Bin Laden’, have formed yet another
front in the ongoing War on Terror.
The unrecognized and embattled Islamic state in the
Northern Caucasus led by Umarov is a descendant of the
Chechen breakaway Ichkeria republic, exiled after the close of the Second
Chechen War and Russian military victory in 2009.
The Emirate's Flag
Umarov's soldiers and agents have so far employed the tactics and strategies of guerrillas and/or terrorists everywhere, using suicide bombers in inhabited areas to cause fear and outrage, while using RPG's and small arms fire to ambush Russian troops, who have been stationed in the Caucasus since before the fall of the Soviet Union.
Young Russian paratroopers preparing for service in the Caucasus
Map of the Caucasus and North Caucasus regions, the grey areas in Georgia are the sites of conflicts and ongoing insurgencies which are militarily supported and/or contested by the Russia military. Chechnya and parts of Ossetia make up the region contested by Umarov among other separatist factions with support secession from the Russian Federation
Besides trying to assert federal control, Vladimir Putin and the Russian army, with the consent of many in the Russian public, have supported these campaigns so far, because of the frequency of terrorist attacks carried out on mainland
Current Russian President and former Prime Minister Vladimir Putin